What are the different types of paper grading For Packaging?
When you own a business, it is important to know everything about your product and its packaging. Since the invention of paper and cardboard. We have found many uses for both of them. In these times, packaging has become an integral part of a product and business.
Packaging has been done with different types of materials. Plastic, paper, cardboard, bubble pouches and many more things. Due to the pollution that is caused by the single-use plastic. People are getting more and more aware of the current situation on Earth.
This concern has fuelled the drive for eco-friendly and sustainable packaging. As a business person who has to find different ways to make sure that the product is made according to the demand of the customer. Or if you have a packaging business it is even more necessary for you to know about the different types of paper which are used for packaging.
In this article, we will talk about the basics of paper grading, GMS and their categories. Then we will talk about the different types of paper used in packing.
What is paper grading?
Paper grading is the process of categorizing the paper according to the dimension during manufacturing as well as several other specifications are seen such as quality of the paper, raw material used, whiteness, yellowness, resistance, moisture resistance, abrasive quality and many more things.
What are the categories for dividing the different types of paper?
If we look at all the different categories through which we can organise the different types of paper then it will be impossible as there are more than 10,000 combinations of paper manufacturing. So instead of naming all the types of paper, we will list some of the popular and common criteria.
Here are the important points through which we can categorise the papers.
- On the basis of GMS
- On the basis of the finish
- On the basis of colour
- On the basis of raw material
- On the basis of coating
- On the basis of texture
What are the different kinds of paperboard that are used in packaging?
In this section, we will talk about the different types of paperboard which are used in packaging.
Kraft paper board is the trending and new choice in the packaging industry. The word Kraft is a German word which means strong. The reason behind the popularity of this paperboard is that it can be made from all kinds of wood.
Usually, to make traditional paper, we need paper of just one kind of tree. But in this one, we can use a different variety of trees without any problem. We can use the Sababul tree, Pine trees or even bamboo as a mixture.
Along with all that we can use recycled material which is making this a popular choice among people who prefer sustainable options. Not just that it is a very strong paper, but it is usually in brown colour but it can be bleached into white colour, which will not change colour with ageing.
There are a lot of possibilities when it comes to using kraft paper in packaging and other fields. A good example would be kraft paper tape which is considered the best option for sustainable tape.
CCM stands for Corrugated Case Material. This is the most popular type of paperboard which is used in the packaging industry. We all know this packaging material very well. This is the same material that is used to make corrugated boxes which are used by almost all packaging companies.
A corrugated Board is made from three layers of paperboard. The first and third layer is made from cardboard liner and the second layer is called flute and is made of corrugated liner which have little triangular wedges. These triangular wedges help with cushioning and shock absorption.
There are many different types of boxes which are made from this board like single, double and triple-ply boxes.
SBS stands for Solid Bleached Surface. These are the most versatile form of paper. This type of paperboard is used for a variety of purposes like food packaging, packing wires, book covers and many more.
In this type of paperboard, if we look at the front side of the SBS paperboard, we will notice it is milky white in colour as it is bleached. The back side of the board is usually in white colour but the side could be coated or uncoated depending on the paper’s requirement.
This type of paperboard is considered premium-grade paper as it is made from bleached virgin fibre. It is a hygienic, flexible, smooth type of paper. You can check if the paper is SBS or not by tearing in and looking in between two layers if the layer is white in colour.
FBB stands for Folding Box Board. This type of board is made of three layers, the front and back of this board are made from virgin pulp fibre which is bleached, thus it has white colour on it. If we tear the board, we will find a yellow layer of corrugated pulp which is sandwiched between them.
We have seen this kind of paperboard used by many companies as people get more and more aware of the harm of using single-use plastic as well as the govt policies which are against plastic usage. FBB paper board becomes the best choice for companies that are looking for sustainable change in their packaging.
Duplex boards are made from wood pulp. Sometimes these boxes are made from 100% or 60% recycled pulp. As the name suggests, two layers are used to make this, the first layer is usually a white-coloured board with a glossy finish and the second layer has an uneven coat on it which helps in giving strength and stiffness to the board.
The duplex board has a lot of properties which is the reason behind their popularity. These boards are moisture resistant as the glossy layer on the front layer helps in protecting the product from humidity and water.
Along with all that its anti-curl property makes it ideal for all kinds of transport and shipping things. Another property would be the smooth surface which allows most of the prints.
White Lined Chipboard is the full form of this acronym. This paperboard is used widely in the food packaging industry due to its stiffness and longevity. This paperboard is made from recycled material. This paperboard is made from multiple recycled layers of recycled pulp. White-lined chipboard usually consists of two or more layers depending on the use or purpose of the paperboard.
We can find these paperboard being used in cereal boxes, toy packaging, cloth boxing, and stationery items. We can check the recycled layer of this paperboard by tearing and looking between the front and back layers, we will find that it is either yellow or grey in colour which shows that it's made from recycled pulp.
We have reached the end of this article which is about the different types of paper which are used for packaging. We have tried to cover all the most relevant information according to the different types of paperboards. We have also talked about the categories according to which papers can be divided.
We hope that you got all the info you were looking for.
Thank you for reading till the end.
Suman Mandal has been in the packaging industry for a long time. She is passionate about the innovative ways this industry comes up with. Currently, she is writing for To The Packaging about various packaging solutions.